Inside LLC Center

Choose a state

For more information on the limited liability laws and filing requirements of a particular state, please click on the appropriate link below.




Does My Single Member LLC Need Its Own EIN?

An LLC is an entity created by state statute. The IRS did not create a new tax classification for the LLC when it was created by the states; instead IRS uses the tax entity classifications it has always had for business taxpayers: corporation, partnership, or disregarded as an entity separate from its owner, referred to as a "disregarded entity" An LLC is always classified by the IRS as one of these types of taxable entities. If a "disregarded entity" is owned by an individual, it is treated as a sole proprietor. If the "disregarded entity" is owned any any other entity, it is treated as a branch or division of its owner.

Single Member LLCs Without Employees

If your single member LLC is a disregarded entity which is taxed as a sole proprietorship and has no employees, you will be required to obtain a new EIN if any of the following statements are true.

You will not be required to obtain a new EIN if any of the following statements are true.

Single Member LLCs with Employees

For wages paid on or after January 1, 2009, single member/single owner LLCs that have not elected to be treated as corporations may be required to change the way they report and pay federal employment taxes and wage payments and certain federal excise taxes. On Aug. 16, 2007, changes to Treasury Regulation Section 301.7701-2 were issued. The new regulations state that the LLC, not its single owner, will be responsible for filing and paying all employment taxes on wages paid on or after January 1, 2009. These regulations also state that for certain excise taxes, the LLC, not its single owner, will be responsible for liabilities imposed and actions first required or permitted in periods beginning on or after January 1, 2008.

If a single member LLC has been filing and paying employment taxes under the name and EIN of the owner, and no EIN was previously assigned to the LLC, a new EIN will be required for wages paid on or after January 1, 2009. If a single member LLC has been filing and paying excise taxes under the name and EIN of the owner and no EIN was previously assigned to the LLC, a new EIN will be required for certain excise tax liabilities imposed and actions first required or permitted in periods beginning on or after January 1, 2008. The following examples may assist in determining if a new EIN is required:

You will be required to obtain a new EIN if any of the following statements are true.

You will not be required to obtain a new EIN if any of the following statements are true.

Other articles

This article was written by , a Chicago business attorney and frequent writer and speaker on limited liability companies. The site is for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. The information which is presented here is intended to make limited liability companies easier to understand, but weighing the tax, liability and operations issues requires a thorough understanding of the applicable law and cases. Anyone contemplating forming a limited liability company is urged to obtain proper legal advice.